Sickle-cell disease: what is it ?
© 2017 IECD
Sickle-cell disease is the leading genetic disease in the world. It affects the blood and causes intense pain, anemia and an increased risk of infection.
In Central Africa and Madagascar, about 20% of the inhabitants are healthy carriers of the sickle-cell disease gene. Every year, almost 2% of newborns are affected by the disease and 50 to 75% of them die before they are five. Those with sickle-cell disease also suffer from social exclusion because of a lack of awareness among the population about the disease.
However, a neonatal test and early treatment can help to improve life expectancy and their living conditions.